“Female spirit, the goddess in us, is not fragile or new; not an invention of privileged women or an escapist New Age elite. We are tough and ancient: tried by a million years of ice and fire. On enormous and minute wheels of pain and beauty we have turned…we return to tell and respell our story.”1
According to archaeological, mythological and anthropological evidence, the Great Goddess was probably the principal deity worshipped along the Mediterranean, in Europe, the Near East, much of Russia, North Africa, India and even parts of China during the Upper Paleolithic (30,000-10,000 BCE) and in the Neolithic (roughly 7,000 to 2,500 BPE). The Goddess was still present in the Bronze Age but with the rise of the "big" kingdoms, She became subsumed in their general pantheons, acquired different names and was either conquered, raped or married off to various newly emergent and vigorous gods (Tiamat and Marduk in Mesopotamia and Hera and Zeus in Greece immediately spring to mind). Recently, due to the women’s movement and to the growing attention to woman’s place in history, the Goddess has made a comeback. There seems to be a need to see the Goddess as an embodiment of the feminine sensibility, contained in both sexes, in this era where the negative fruits of patriarchy are glaringly apparent.